In the heart of Chapman Valley, near town of Escobedo, is this wide cave mouth and vestibule of monumental dimensions. It was discovered in 1878 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola. Since that time has undergone numerous archaeological explorations have resulted in the discovery of a large panel of red paint in 1997.

LOCATION
Barrio El Churi, Escobedo de Camargo.

RULES OF VISITS
The cave is open all year round guide service counting. The tour lasts 45 minutes. It is performed in groups of 25 persons from 1 January to 14 June and 16 September to 31 December, in groups of 17 persons from 15 June to 14 September.

SCHEDULE
During the months of January, February, November and December, Tuesday through Sunday from 9:30 to 15:00 h. From 1 March to 14 June and from September 15 to October 31, Tuesday to Sunday from 9:30 to 14:30 pm and from 15:30 to 18:00 h. From 15 June to 14 September every day of the week from 9.30 am to 20.00 pm

SERVICES
– Point of care to visitors
– Car parking
– Guided tour of the cave
– Toilet

ACCESS
Since the CN-623 is taken, in Revilla de Camargo, address Puente Arce (CA-240) and then at the height of Escobedo, taken towards the village of El Churi, where the cavity is located. At the same leads, in the final stretch, along a narrow track is not suitable for buses.

DESCRIPTION
In the heart of Chapman Valley, near town of Escobedo, is this wide cave mouth and vestibule of monumental dimensions. It was discovered in 1878 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola. Since that time has undergone numerous archaeological explorations have resulted in the discovery of a large panel of red paint in 1997.
The archaeological study has provided key information, like the cave of El Castillo, for understanding human evolution, technology and the behavior of Homo Neanderthal and Homo sapiens. So its archaeological and stratigraphic sequence, beginning at least 82,000 BC ago and reaches up to 1500 BC, are in the spotlight of scientific discussions.

gran_pendo_052
gran_pendo_021
Besides recognizing the daily activities related to the major set pieces of furniture and decorative art, associated with the first occupations of Homo sapiens, indicates that the underground area was used for other social purposes. During the Bronze Age, and at the gates of our society, recognizes the use of space for ritual purposes, having been found “offerings” deposited in the chaos of blocks.
The most prominent example of symbolic behavior are the parietal art forms. Until the recent discovery of the “Frieze of Paintings”, only knew two engraved figures (at least one a bird) in the deepest part of the cavity.
The “Frieze of Paintings”, a panel of 25 feet long and visible from anywhere in the main hall, contains, as a large altarpiece, a score of figures painted in red. They emphasize the hinds, with twelve pieces, accompanied by a goat, a horse, two zoomorphic indeterminate and various forms of signs (such as points, discs and lines) that are usually located segregated panels that are located in quadrupeds.

gran_pendo_111
gran_pendo_101
Stresses, as in the case of Covalanas, the realization of the figures by dotted outline, either digital or buffered. Some reasons show atechnical complementarity, when combined the previous execution mode with linear drawing.
The introduction of the figures in the frieze, the technical similarities in the layout and style (internal cuts, fills, full or partial color, etc..) Mark a compositional unity of the paintings that synchrony in test execution.
His chronology is difficult to determine absolutely, appears to lie in an old stage, done around 20,000 BC

RESERVATIONS
www.culturadecantabria.com
reservascuevas@culturadecantabria.es
Phone: 942 59 84 25. Fax: 942 59 83 05.

Information obtained from cuevas.culturadecantabria.com