In the valley of Pisueña found no traces of human occupation prior to the medieval period although there are areas close to the important set of Puente Viesgo with prehistoric remains of the Paleolithic or earlier in the Lower Cave at Salitre Miera and in the mountains Cabarga of where remains have been found, such as boiler Cabárceno, copper container that was used to mine workings. These findings force us to think that this valley had to be inhabited or at least be known by these men during the prehistoric times and in later times, though not until the beginning of the Middle Ages when they appear the first and remains the earliest written references of this valley.

12In medieval times the abbey was able to begin to create the first villages to seek the protection of monasteries in the valley are a good example with the foundation in the year 811 of the double monastery of San Vicente de Fístoles, which became one of the most influential of the era.

From the twelfth century the farmers are given free to the secular nobility, which leads to increased power of these gentlemen in addition to the increase of the local lineages and struggles to be established between them and territories to achieve greater vassals.

Natural heritage

The valley’s topography Pisueña is more open than that of the Miera. We found areas from river valleys and low mountains of low altitude, while in the south of the valley are the massif de Castro Valnera with 1700 meters of altitude.

Of geological formations that are the most important karst processes on the south side of Parque Natural de Peña Cabarga. The sharp lapiaces, up to 30 m. high, erect players as a result of mining in Roman times this area.

21This dreamy landscape is now home to the famous Nature Park Cabárceno which, with its more than 750 hectares, is a clear example of environmental recovery of a deeply degraded by mining, where more than 1,000 animals from five continents coexist in semi.

The scientific and conservation aims to maintain the species recovery programs and reproduction, one of the few places in Europe that all species reproduce in a natural way: African elephant, white rhinoceros, grizzly bear and so on.

32In the Nature Park of Cabárceno we have a winding route over 27 km of asphalted road and well signposted route that allows the drive, coach … Situated only 15 km and 20 km from Santander Torrelavega.

It also includes facilities with a Classroom Environmental Education developed a comprehensive program of educational activities, with content for different grade levels.

Another attraction is Lake Park’s Holly, where you can fish, stroll or enjoy a day in the countryside.

Cultural Heritage

Our cultural Penagos where we could begin by contemplating the Church of St. George was built in the sixteenth century and declared of cultural interest in 1991. The Parish Church of San Juan Bautista de El Arenal of the seventeenth century, Church of Plains of the seventeenth century Renaissance style. Miranda also Palace dating to the beginning of XVII century.

42Continue west until you get to where we Castañeda a special mention to the Collegiate Church of Santa Cruz de Castañeda of centuries XI-XII, declared of cultural interest, that during the Middle Ages became a prosperous place for pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago.

Returning to the south of the Valley got to Cayón who has a rich heritage, among all this variety highlighting examples of Romanesque architecture found in some of their people. This is the case of Santa Maria de Cayon where we can visit your church, Our Lady of the Assumption which dates from the mid s. XII and the Tower of Cayón the eighteenth century. But if we go further towards the town of Argomilla we find the Church of San Andrés del s.XII, which preserves in an annex to it, a group of seventeen lids sarcophagi dating from the s. X and XIII. In front of the Palazzo can Ceballos, the Knight, rebuilt in the s. But retains elements of the XVIII XVI.

We can not forget a small chapel dedicated to St. Michael in Mount Carceña La Penilla dating back to the s. XIII.

Farther south and turning off the road we arrived at the village of Esles that has an interesting town to visit the shrine where the Angel in the beginning just a Cross in the Parish Church of St. Cyprian and a large group of coats of arms.

Returning to the main road south and arrive at the Vega Villafufre which is located at the Solar de Félix de Vega Carpio and father of writer Lope de Vega, and The Convent Canal work Baroque s. XVII.

54We continue to Villacarriedo where we find the largest baroque palace of Cantabria, El Palacio de Soñanes declared of Cultural Interest in 1981.

Selaya has plenty of architecture to highlight the Palace of the XVI century building Donadio home with classical, the Casona de Linares s.XVII with heraldic rolls and the Sanctuary of Our Lady of the Valvanuz s.XVII Ethnographic Museum House of the Blessed.

Holidays and Tradition

65Castañeda is celebrated in the Feast of the Holy Cross on May 3, and one of the most important festivals of the Folk Festival the first week of July.

In Santa Maria de Cayon emphasize Our Lady of Perpetual Help in Saron, a festival of people that meets in the valley and which is held the first weekend of July with lots of festivities. Also one must make special mention of the feast of St. Vincent in Lloreda being held on September 1 with a parade of floats and costumes.

71In August and September Frisian won several competitions each year attracts many visitors and ranchers throughout the region.

On July 26 is celebrated in Santa Ana Tezanos. In Villacarriedo the feast of San Pedro on June 29, with Mass, dance and games.

Finally, August 15, in Selaya, it celebrates the most important festival of the valley, Our Lady of Valvanuz, patron saint of pasiegos, turning to her people and all Cantabria place where activities such as bowling, cutting trunks and one of the most emblematic of the area Pasiega the “Jump Pasiega.

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