The first human settlements in the Valley of Miera are evident in the remains found at Cueva del Rascaño in Mirones, dating from the Aurignacian period (30,000 BP), have since witnessed the Solutrean occupations (19,000 BP) and azilense (AP 9000).


At the age of Iron, Cantabrians, people of Celtic origin, create settlements in the area Liérganes.

In the Middle Ages there was a repopulation of the upper valley, but it was not until the sixteenth century.

In the year 1622 when the first factory of artillery, ammunition and pieces of cast iron, is a large industrial complex, leading to its decline in late seventeenth century. Another historic event which changed the economic activity of the area was the creation of the Spa in the nineteenth century though its waters and were used at the end of the twelfth century. This activity continues.

Natural heritage

011Miera Valley is perhaps the most rugged of the three valleys, which may include both sides of the road incredible limestone walls of designing a landscape of incomparable beauty.

From a geological point of view, it is interesting to highlight the failure Lint, clearly visible from the road. In this valley is the valley is perhaps the largest glacier in Europe. Is spread over 4 km can be observed: cirque glacier moraines and lateral moraines in the background.

022As to highlight the forest vegetation of oak and beech as well as the vegetation of riverbanks.

Cultural Heritage

In the northern valley is the population of Liérganes. Its architectural heritage is so important that has been declared a Historic Artistic Site. The district and the Market Square Vitote are a good example of classical architecture of XVII-XVIII.

031Among a large number of buildings you can highlight, among others: the House of Setién one of the oldest buildings, dating from 1565, the House of Guns Baroque; Rañada the Palace, baroque century XVIII in the district of Rubalcaba.

We can not fail to see in the town center bridge Mayor of the sixteenth century, also called the Roman bridge.

As for religious architecture are: the Church of San Pantaleone (S. XIV-XV), Church of San Pedro Advíncula (S. XVII) and the Cross Rubalcaba.

041In Pámanes you can visit the Palace Elsedo built between 1710 and 1716, being one of the best examples of Baroque and Cantabria which now houses the Museum of Contemporary Art with works by Chillida, Oteiza, Cossío between Solana and others.

Continuing south, we reached the town of Miera where we visit the Church of Santa Maria in Cárcoba. Given its grandeur is known as “the Cathedral of Miera” where live the Gothic style, Renaissance and Baroque.

Lastly, we find San Roque de Riom, you can visit the church of San Roque in the seventeenth century in the neighborhood of Pedrosa.

Fiestas and traditions

052In Liérganes three years ago and since has been celebrated the festival of the Chorizo and Wine is a celebration where he shared his taste for large quantities of such products from Rioja and then put cheese Liérganes to that community.

In the San Roque San Roque Riomar is celebrated on August 16 with Mass and pilgrimage. In October, the Feast of Orgullu Pasiega of growing interest in various activities such as jumping pasiego cutting logs, etc voce.

There is a very interesting legend Liérganes is the Legend of the Man Fish: Legend has it that Francisco de la Vega went to Bilbao to learn carpentry. One day he went to swim with some friends to the river and disappeared. Time after some fishermen rescued from Cadiz in their networks to be a strange-looking water. Nothing except the word Liérganes said. Francis took him back home by recognizing his mother and siblings. Despite a life of obedient and helpful, with little enthusiasm for anything, disappeared at sea, after nine years of back home, but nothing is known of him.

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