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Marchas 2009 Cultural Tourism in Cantabria, hiking, trekking

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imagen-marchaROUTE 1
Costa de Santander Soto de la Marina
April 26 RUTA
17km
We discovered, dating from El Sardinero, that cost less
known and that allows us to traverse cliffs and towns
coastal environment of the Capital Cantabria, Santander.
SANTANDER – Matalene – EL FARO – ling – LA VIRGEN DEL MAR – DE SOTO LA MARINA

ROUTE 2

Monte-Crown-Udias Comillas
May 10 RUTA
19.5KM
This route allows us to know the timber
in the Monte Corona and people with roots in mining, as
Udias, plus Caviedes, Rioturbio and the spectacular
Villa de Comillas
UDIAS – Caviedes – RIOTURBIO – COMILLAS

 (Sigue leyendo.)

Puppet Festival

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PROGRAM AND SCHEDULE:

DÍA 29 DE MAYO
• Asomados y escondidos “Huevito de Ida y Vuelta”. C.P. Viveda. 10:30
• Kamante Teatro “La Caja Amarilla”. C.P. Santa Juliana. 17:00h. 15H
• Titiriteros de Binefar “Pasacalles Titiritero”. Revolgo-Colegiata-Plza. Mayor . 19:30h.
• Buenos Aires Títeres “Bartango”. Caja Cantabria. 21.30 h.

DÍA 30 DE MAYO
• Cartoon Louf “Oh Lobo”. Parque El Revolgo. 11:30h
• Mikropodium “Stop”. Lugar por determinar. 12:00h. y 17:00h
• Alex Pring “Marieta-M”. Plaza Mayor. 12:30h.
• Cartoon Louf “Oh Lobo”. Plaza Mayor. 13:30h.
• Cartoon Louf “Oh Lobo”. Lugar por Definir. 16:30
• Toni Zafra “Quantun”. Exteriores de la Colegiata. 17:30h.
• Alex Pring “Marieta-M”. Exteriores de la Colegiata. 19:00h.
• Titiriteros de Binefar “Aquí te Espero”. Plaza Mayor. 19:30h.
• Alex Pring “Marieta-M”. C.P Santa Juliana. 22:00 h.
• Kiku Mistu “Historias para Hombres y Mujeres Buenos”. C.P Santa Juliana 22:30 y 24:00.

DÍA 31 DE MAYO
• Alex Pring “Marieta M”. Parque El Revolgo. 12:30h.
• Vita Marcik. Plaza Mayor. 13:00 h

Cabarceno’s Park

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he spectacular scenery of karst geological Cabárceno, almost lunar, located in the western sector of the massif Cabarga Peña turned in 1989 to create a large zoo, in recent years become one of the most attractive tourist sites in Cantabria.

The Nature Park of Cabárceno is part of a larger protected area, the Parque Natural de Peña Cabarga. Within it, Cabárceno Park can be visited at length with great comfort, since it has a dense network of paved runways (17 miles) allowing its travel by car. And there are alternative routes that can be traveled only on foot or by bicycle.

The park, like all solid Cabarga Peña, is formed by limestone rocks that have experienced complex processes of karst dissolution, with at present a truly original and interesting aspect from the geomorphological point of view.

Within the vast enclosure of the Park there is a full and varied representation of fauna, which does not lack some of the native animals of Cantabria: bears, wolves, tigers, deer, roe deer, chamois, wild boar … But it is undoubtedly the exotic fauna protagonist.

In the park you can see elephants, hippos, tigers, lions, zebras, kangaroos, ostriches, hyenas, giraffes, camels, dromedaries, llamas, antelopes, rhinos, monkeys …

Cabárceno features compared to other zoos, for large spaces available to the animals, allowing their development and contemplation in an environment with several lakes natural.Además place for trout fishing. As a complement to its facilities, there is a reptilarium with a specialized collection of snakes.

Finally mention other park facilities: panorómicos lookouts, walking areas, playground, catering complex, parking and souvenir shops
> cambiar

European Peaks (Picos de Europa)

9 comentarios »

Picos de Europa mountains are located in northern Spain that belongs to the central part of the Cantabrian mountain range. Although not very extensive, its proximity to the sea makes it rich in features of interest.

This limestone formation extends Asturias, Cantabria and Castilla y Leon (more precisely by the province of Leon) and it highlights their heights, in many cases above the 2500 meters, so close to the Cantabrian Sea are therefore at its northernmost point is only 15 kilometers distance from the sea. Geographically, the Peaks of Europe are in the line of the Cantabrian Mountains, although considered as a separate unit for it by their most recent training.

Peaks of Europe are divided into three massifs: the West Cornión Massif, the Massif Central or the East and the massive Urrieles or walk.

The highest elevations are in the mountains of Urrieles, passing through the most rugged of the three, since fourteen of its peaks exceeding 2600 meters in altitude, with Torrecerredo of 2648 meters, roof of the mountains and the Iberian Peninsula, except the Pyrenees and Sierra Nevada. Another mountain is in this context is the Naranjo de Bulnes Urriellu or PICU, of great historical importance in the Spanish mountaineering. It was first conquered in 1905 by Pedro Pidal, Marquis of Villaviciosa and first roped in by his partner, a native of Cain Valdeón Gregorio Perez DeMaría.

In the massive West Cornión, named for the shape of a horn that offers its silhouette as seen from the west, highlights the Peña Santa, with its 2596 meters above sea level exceeds 110 to the next summit of the massif, the Tower Torre de Santa Maria or Santa Enol. For these two mountains, and Peña Santa Tower Santa, this mountain is also known as the Peñas Santas.

The massive East, also known as walking by being in the circus of the same name, is the most modest of the three, both in height (the roof of the Morra Lechugales reaches 2444 m elevation) and vertical.

Etymology

Some historians have come to identify the Peaks of Europe with the legendary Monte Vindio in which, according to the chronicler Anneo Lucio Floro, Cantabrians took refuge in the Roman legions, and where they thought that had to climb the waves rather than weapons Rome.

In Ora Maritime agrees Rufo Festo, which records the journey of a 530 a. massaliota C., and describes how the sailors came to the Cantabrian coast to Brittany, distinguished these mountains.

In the year 1530 the historian Lucius Marineo Siculo already called the Rupes Europae. Ambrosio Morales, chronicler of Philip II, quoted in 1572 as the Mountains of Europe. Fray Prudencio de Sandoval, in 1601, called Peñas saws or Europe, like the Portuguese Rodrigo Mendez Silva, Gregory of Argaiz Benedictine, Jesuit Luis Alfonso de Carballo and also a Benedictine monk Francisco de la Sota.

There are many theories on why this name were the Picos de Europe. It has been traditionally associated with the origin of their names to the fact that supposedly was the first European to land sailors coming American currency, although this assumption is not shared by many scholars such as JJ.

Other hypotheses suggest that the name comes from the surprise for visitors to the peninsula to find these supposed strongest limestone cliffs on the borders of Europe, or to have been coined by the Central pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela, to be named to these mountains its resemblance to the Alps.

As was the reality is it is not known for sure why this great meaning for these summits, especially bearing in mind that the inhabitants of the counties next to them simply call the peaks. Since it was not until the nineteenth century when the name of Europe Peaks to become commonly accepted.

Geography

Peaks of Europe are located within the line, from west to east, took the Cantabrian Mountains. Cover a roughly rectangular area about 20 kilometers from north to south and about 35 from west to east, which is about 550 square kilometers.

So modest in length and are rich in number of ridges and peaks, being in excess of fourteen 2600 meters, forty more than 2500 meters, nearly two hundred and fifty of over two thousand meters.

The different masses are defined by rivers and through the escort. Thus the set of Picos de Europe is limited by Sella and Dobra rivers to the west and the east by Deva. Two other rivers, the Cares and Duje makers were in a million years of work, carve valleys that run today and thus shape the three massifs. The Cares of Cornión separates Urrieles and, further east, the mountain range separates these Duje gait.

Administratively, these mountains are located in three different communities, such as Asturias, Cantabria and Leon (in the community of Castilla y Leon). Notably, the central area of the Peaks, the Urrieles virtually the equity capital of these three provinces, Oviedo, Santander and Leon, always about 85-90 km from them. It is also noteworthy Pico Treasurer, in the Massif Central, as the limit point where the three provinces mentioned above.

Leon is the province that provides the ground Peaks, followed by Asturias and Cantabria finally.

Geology

The three solid

Western Massif or Cornión
The 10 highest peaks in the massif of Cornión
Torre Santa de Enol
Name Height Location
01 Leon Peña Santa 2596
02 Tower 2486 Holy Enol Asturias / Leon
01 Tower Enmedio 2467 Asturias / Leon
02 Needle 2463 José de Prado Asturias / Leon
03 Tower of the gallows 2455 Asturias / Leon
04 Tower Torca 2452 Asturias / Leon
05 Tower Cebolleda III 2445 Asturias / Leon
06 Needle 2438 Alpine Asturias / Leon
07 Needle Juan Menéndez 2435 Asturias / Leon
08 Needle 2432 Cimadevilla Asturias / Leon
09 Needle 2430 Jovellanos Asturias / Leon
10 Tower of the Three Marias 2420 I Asturias / Leon
Main article: Cornión

It is the largest of the three forests and has been limited by Sella rivers Dobra and west and the east Cares. Administratively it is located between Asturias and Leon, in particular in the municipalities of Asturias Amieva, Cabrales, and Onís Cangas de Onis and Sajambre Leonese and Valdeón.

It is very important to note that this group of mountains which are also the lakes of Covadonga, and the sanctuary of the same name, incorporated since 1918 the first National Park created in Spain. By then it was called Mountain National Park of Covadonga, being renovated, expanded and renamed in 1995, receiving the designation of National Park of Picos de Europe. In this massif can be divided into different areas to be further north and south.

North Zone
La Torre de Santa Maria (2,476 m).
2200 meters from the summit to the village of Torrecerredo Cain, here seen from Cuvicente.

The northernmost area is adorned Cornión of the lakes of Covadonga where from the south, is gaining height as they approach shelters Vegarredonda (1,420 m) and Vega de Ario (1,615 m). A height of the viewpoint is Ordiales, characteristic of this mountain and where are the remains of Pedro Pidal. The refuge is a good Vegarredonda crossing point to reach the central and western, while the Vega de Ario, also called Marquis of Villaviciosa in honor of the conqueror of Orange, is in the Eastern mountain range. From this point, and also from the neighboring peaks Jultayu and Cuvicente you can splendid views of the Massif Central wall. In these two summits, at about 2000 meters of altitude can also be seen, below 1500 meters in the valley, the village of Cain, the midpoint of the Cares Route, in the south to north, part of Posada and reaches of Valdeón Camarmeña, but that is from where Cain offers more spectacular views. Prominent among the shelter of Ario de Vega and the summit of Jultayu the System Jitu, chasm of great importance that reaches a depth of 1135 meters.

Other peaks to highlight in this area is in its northernmost part, the Jascal (1,724 m) and Cabezo Leros (1,798 m). Going south elevations appear more important and from Cuvicente southwest (towards the area of Peñas Santas) appear as the Peña Blanca Mountains or Robliza, surpassing both the 2200 meters.

Central Zone

The natural way to enter the central area of the Cornión, that prior to the area of Peñas Santas, is Vegarredonda. The eastern part of this area consists of mountains as Cotalba (2,026 m), the Porrua Llagu (1,926 m) or the Tower of Three Poyones (2092 meters the highest). Special mention is Porrua Bolu (2,025 m), a massive granite that the gap is similar to the PICU Urriellu and offers ways of great difficulty to reach its summit. Also of note, and looking the foothills of the Santa Maria Tower, the Arga, a set of peaks to the north-south alignment of which is the most southern elevation (2,152 m).

Area of Peñas Santas
First snow in Peña Santa.

Around Jou Santo are the most relevant peaks of this massif, including all those on Santa Peña (2,596 m). The second is the height of Torre Santa Enol or Torre de Santa Maria (2,486 m) happens to be the other main protagonist Cornión, seconded to the north by the needle Enol. West of the Tower of Santa Maria are the five towers Cebolleda, reaching a height of 2438 meters. South of the Santa Tower beyond hanging Santa Maria (2,346 m), are north-south alignment in the Tower of the gallows, Enmedio Tower, the Tower of the Three Marys and the Tower of Torca. Only Forcadona (2,304 m) separates the tower twists, the huge wall that forms the west to east Peña Santa. Escorted other peaks are of considerable importance, as the needle Corpus Christi and southwest Gato needle or needle Jose Prado, almost entirely in the imposing south wall of the roof of Cornión.

Jou Santu’s northeast, and separate from the tower of St. Mary of the Jou Asturianos are the Pico Asturianos, the Torre de la Canal Parda and Travieso.

Fields of Bermeja

Southern Cornión is dominated by the Torre Bermeja, which dominates with its 2400 meters in height at all elevations of your environment. Among these are to the north (between Bermeja Peña and Santa) as the mountains of Torres Cotalbín, Punta Extremera, the Cuetalbo, and further west, the Upper Verde. All these elevations approaching 2,200 meters.

Closest to Torre Bermeja, west of it, are the Moledizos I and II in 2254 and 2295 meters respectively. Al sur de la Torre Bermeja heights are also relevant, such as the neck Pardo (2,302 m), Torres Pardo (2317, 2316 and 2236 meters), the Torre de Ita (2,236 m), the Torre Ciega (2,240 m ) and the Towers of Aresta (2136, 2125 and 2122 meters).

Still further south of these summits is a mountain area of around 2000 meters above sea level, such as Canto Cabronero (1,996 m) and Peña Beza (1,958 m). More modest in height are the mountains around Vegabaño, where at 1300 meters is another mountain. Of them deserve to be highlighted Jari Peak (1,913 m), the Neon Pica (1,792 m) and Peña Dobres (1,796 m), all of them near the village of Soto de Sajambre.

Massif Central or the Urrieles
The 10 highest peaks of Urrieles
El Naranjo de Bulnes and the plain of Urriello
Altitude Group Name
01 Torrecerredo 2648 Asturias / Leon
02 Tower Llambrión 2642 Leon
03 Tower Tire Tirso Leon 2641
04 Tower unnamed 2638 Asturias
05 Torre Leon Casiano de Prado 2622
06 Tower Llastria 2621 Leon
07 Peña Vieja Cantabria 2617
08 Torre Blanca 2619 Cantabria / Leon
09 Tower of the 2614 Palanca Leon
10 Torre de Leon Peñalba 2607
Main article: The Massif Urrieles
El Naranjo from Collado Vallejo, normal path of approach to the PICU.
La Torre del Oso (left, Tower Carnizoso and on the right hand of the Martinez and the Tower of Colladetas).

Situated between the valleys carved by rivers and Duje Cares is the Massif Central, no doubt the most rugged and vertical Picos de Europe. Administratively it is shared by Asturias, Cantabria and Castilla y Leon, and has the greatest heights of the three massifs, as 38 of its peaks exceeding 2500 meters, with fourteen of them (curiously, the same number of eight is on the planet) above of 2600 meters. Only Peña Santa, in the western mountains, would be in that group of 38 mountains above 2500 meters.

While less extensive than the Cornión, the massif of Urrieles has more surface than the previous high mountain, crowned with Torrecerredo with its 2648 meters of altitude. However, it is not at that point where the legend of this mountain in particular and Picos de Europe in general. To find it we must go east to the heart of Urrieles towards the Naranjo de Bulnes Urriellu or PICU, a true symbol of the mountains of Asturias and place have been written since its conquest in 1905, the most beautiful pages of Spanish mountaineering. An example is the opening of the first track on her face west, 550 meters of vertical limestone Rabada by Alberto and Ernesto Navarro in 1962, or via the “Winter Dreams”, for the achievement of which José Luis García Gallego & Miguel Ángel Díez Vives were hung on the wall for 69 days without interruption.

Like the Cornión, the central massif can be divided into different areas for a more simple and understandable.

Main group of the Peña

From north to south, the peaks are the first group of the Peña Maine, which includes the Cueto Redondo, Head Table (with 1605 meters is the highest in this set) or Cabecina Quemada. From any of them are spectacular views from the heart of the Urrieles.

To the west is Bulnes, people who, by their situation and by the isolation to which geography has undergone for centuries, perhaps represents the best that human presence in this environment so hostile. Bulnes from across the Channel Balcosín first, and the Channel Camburero later, we reach the base of the beak with which it shares its name, Naranjo de Bulnes.

PICU Group Urriellu
Approaching Naranjo

The boundaries of this spectacular series of summits we can put between the Collado de Santa Ana to the south and Peña Castil in its northern part.

Starting from the south are the Torres del Tiro Navarro (2,602 m), set of three summits the highest of which is the only one that exceeds 2600 meters. Farther north, through the hanging Infanzon (2,482 m) are the Bell, a triple whose highest peak reaches 2572 meters. East of the package and through the Infanzon Jou is the Torre de los Tiros de Santiago and somewhat further north, the Cuchallón of Villasobrada (2,416 m).

El Naranjo de Bulnes shapes, along with its mountain surroundings, Jou after PICU, a circle of mountains in the interior that leaves a hole as deep as spectacular. Starting from the north along the sense shown clockwise Carnizoso Tower (2,332 m), Torre del Oso (2,461 m), and Victor Risco, through the so-called false Collada Bonita, Needle of Martinez (2,422 m) from where it descends to the Collada Bonita (2,382 m), privileged to observe the south side of the PICU. Continuing south is the Tower of Colladetas (2,456 m) and then the Morra, top two-man that has a maximum height of 2554 meters, which is supposed to be the highest of all around, along with orange, Jou after the PICU. The area west of Jou after PICU is covered by the Tiros Torca (2,386 m), a prelude to the south of the PICU Urriellu (2,519 m), that part of the Canal de la Celada Urriellu toward Vega.

East of this set would be the only Castil Peña (2,444 m), an imposing pyramid that marks the end of the north of the great heights of Urrieles.

Group Torrecerredo
Torrecerredo and Bastards. Among them, the western massif always chaired by Peñas Santas.
Torrecerredo in the Central Massif (2,648 m).

Geographically this area is located west of the PICU Urriellu and more confined to the west by the River Cares. From north to south, beginning with the Murallón of Amuela quickly gaining height to set the initial peaks, such as the Trave Cuetos (2253 meters high) and, after exceeding the Collada Water Dobresengros peak (2,395 m). With the same name was named the Channel Dobresengros via the vicinity of that of Cain and that accessed after saving a drop of two thousand meters, the highest peaks of this area.

South of Pico Dobresengros appears, imposing the set of Bastards. First needle Bastards (2,474 m) and Pico of Bastards (2,553 m) summit of beautiful stylized silhouette, eastward to blanket the Bastards Jou, especially arid zone and the location of Jose Refugio Ramón Lueje (2,035 m) and Trave System, a set of three potholes which, with its 1441 meters of depth is the most important peaks.

Almost without rest will reach the symbol of this area, Torrecerredo (2,648 m), Urrieles the ceiling to the highest point in many hundreds of miles. He is also a privileged place to observe the holy mountain of rocks.

The Torrecerredo is escorted by two needles unique names, because their walls are made Risco Saint Saud (2,575 m) and slightly below Labrouche Tower (2,525 m). These summits are named after two famous people of Picos de Europe, the Count of Saint Paul and Saud Labrouche, and colleagues discovered many times during the late nineteenth century, many of the secrets of these mountains.

Continuing south, close to the Tower is Torrecerredo Bermeja (2,606 m) and, after passing the Bermeja Collada (2,485 m), Coello Tower (2,584 m). Turning east and then north, lies the Bear Tire (2,576 m) and after passing the fork of Don Carlos (2,418 m), Boada of the Peak (2,523 m). Finally, the Tower of Brown (2,596 m) summit that offers spectacular views to the west face of the Naranjo de Bulnes and Torrecerredo and, further, to Cornión.

From the Tower of Pardo in the north is the Neverón of Urriellu (2,559 m), another privileged balcony from which to admire the west side of Orange and the Tooth Urriellu. Further north, after crossing the gallows Arenero arises all Albos. In this group are the heights Neverón Albo (2,442 m), Cueto Albo (2,414 m), Albo Peak (2,442 m) and the three areneros Torres (2445 meters high). Since the Albos, continuing north, take the Canal Camburero and then the Balcosín until the people of Bulnes.

Group Peña Vieja
The south side of the Naranjo de Bulnes

On the south side of the area, ie the Bear Tire, following the border Asturian-Leonese, stand Arenizas Picos, triple summit of which reaches 2515 meters height. Following this path south of the stylish and Urrieles appears Treasurer pyramidal peak (2,570 m), significant for its beauty and peculiar as the point where the three provinces that share the territory of Picos de Europe, that is, Asturias, Cantabria and Leon. Also spectacular is the landscape that gives one that reaches its peak, it gives light to almost all relevant points of Urrieles.

Plotting the line that separates Leon and remains the divide between Asturias and Cantabria to the east stands the tower of the Red Forks (2,506 m) and beyond, the Picos de Santa Ana (the highest of which exceeds by one meter barrier of 2,600).

In a southeasterly direction, in Cantabrian territory, two sharp needles, of the gutters and Bustamante, precede Peña Vieja, with its 2619 meters is the highest elevation of this whole mountain and all Cantabria. To the south, and on the edge of this massif is the forgotten Peña (2,430 m) northeast from the Picos de Santa Ana will reach the Torres del Tiro Navarro as discussed above. The set Arenizas, Treasurer, Forks Red, Santa Ana Navarro and Tire Jou shape of the bowls, which is south of Jou landless, who in turn would further north in the Vega de Urriellu.

In the opposite direction, south of the Forks was the Reds Jou landless, whose northwest corner is home to Cabaña Verónica (2,325 m), the most singular of all peaks are in, because their structure is the metal dome the air defenses of a carrier ship.

North of Peña Vieja Cuetos through so-called San Juan de la Cuadra to enter Asturian territory is to agree the Valley Moneta, leaving the group to the west and reaching the PICU Urriellu on the road to Las Vegas to Sotres (limit East of Urrieles) the picturesque Lake of the Monet.

Some relevant summits of this small mountain would Cotera Rojas (2295 meters the highest), the Garmon (2,291 m), Cuetu of Cuadra (2,231 m), the Paredon Albo (2,125 m) or Escamelláu (2,063 m ).

In the foothills east of Peña Vieja for Praderías are alive, where born Duje, and serve as a division between the Massif Central mountain range and the walk, besides being a place of great beauty, being very busy road between the station top of the cable car of Fuente Dé, and people Espinama reason it was considered one of the gates of Liebana in the Picos de Europe. Here we Refuge alive, still the most ability among those in the vicinity of the Peaks.

Sector Llambrión
Llambrión area.

In this area in the southwest of the Massif Central is the largest concentration of elevations of Picos de Europe, with various heights of over 2600 meters. Specifically covers nine of the fourteen peaks that exceed 2600 meters.

Around the Tower Llambrión (2642 meters and roof of this series) can be found at altitudes of great importance and it all very close. Notes, which makes it match the rivals Llambrión, Throw Tirso, with 2641 meters of altitude. Also the name without Torre (2638 meters and is currently in the process of being named Schulze Tower in honor of this pioneering figure in the Picos de Europa), la Torre Casiano de Prado (2,622 m), the Tower of Llastrias (2,621 m), the White Tower (2,617 m), Torre de la Palanca (2,614 m), Torre Peñalba (2,607 m) and Torre del Hoyo Grande (2,602 m). Al sur de la Torre Casiano de Prado one can also mention the Tower of Coal Mine, which is 2595 meters in altitude.
The imposing Murallón North Tower of the lever (2,614 m).

Southeast of the White Tower was raised significant elevations, such as the Tire sore, or the Madejuno Casares shots in the vicinity of Cottage Veronica. Continuing southeast, other peaks emerging as the Torre del Hoyo Oscuro, Pico San Carlos, Tower Peak Altáiz or the Padierna, are approaching towards towards Fuente Dé, on the southern tip of Urrieles.

West of the Tower of the three major lever rise towers, the Diego Mella, Delgado Úbeda and the Tower of Peñalba. Following in the west is beginning to lose height with peaks up to the lesser significance riverbed Cares. Importantly, soon to begin the journey towards the river, the Torre de la Celada (2,470 m), both by its height as the other name by which it has been baptized, Torre de Don Pedro Pidal, in honor of man whose name is probably the most important in the history of these mountains.

Las Peñas Cifuentes
The Forks of the Red Tower (2506 meters) is one of the most significant mountain is located in the Massif Central.

In the southernmost part of the Urrieles, specifically between Cordiñanes and power, stands a huge wall of mountains is called the Peñas Cifuentes. Remarkable extent, can be divided into three areas with the two steps to traverse.

In the west, near the River Cares, emphasizes the needle Maria del Carmen, which is followed by the drunk, to Cantadota and Tower of Mojosas. Each of these mountains is gaining in height, around this tower Mojosas of two thousand meters. Further east, bordering to the south of the Hole Mojosas appears Needle Maria Luisa (2,386 m) and immediately Frier Tower (2,445 m), although not by enough, the tallest this set, it is the mountain that has the most spectacular and difficult walls, especially in its northern side.

Further east we reach the Canal de la Chava (2,160 m) which separates the area from central Frier, chaired by the Tower of Salinas (2,446 m). But before reaching the roof of this set is the Torre del Hoyo Chico (2356 m) and Torre del Hoyo de Liordes (2,474 m), the roof of the training.

Following this direction is the channel Pedavejo (2,030 m), which gives way to the Alto de la Canal, the rocks of the liquorice (triple summit, the highest being 2229 m), Alcacero Tower (2,247 m) Peña and Remon (2,227 m). Further down towards Fuente Dé, a thousand meters below.

East of Fuente Dé, and outside of the Peñas Cordal Cifuentes, the peaks are Joracao or Valdemoro, of around 1800 meters, which mark the end of the Urrieles southeast.

Macizo Oriental or walking
The 10 highest peaks of the massif of walking
At the bottom of the Andara Massif
Name Height Location
01 Morra Lechugales 2444 Ast / Can
02 Silla del Caballo 2436 Cimera Ast / Can
03 Pica Jierru of 2424 Ast / Can
04 Pico Cortés 2373 Ast / Can
05 Pico de Arriba Grajal Asturias 2349
06 Silla del Caballo 2339 Cimera Cantabria
07 Prao Cortés 2288 Asturias
08 The Rasa of the inexhaustible Cantabria 2284
The 09 Cuetu Cantabria Junciana 2267
10 Valdomingueru Cantabria 2265
Main article: Andara

As noted above, the solid ride is the least extensive of the three and also the less rich in high places. Its main axis runs from southwest to northeast, dividing into two strands at the point where they concentrate their greatest heights, about Circus walk. This massif is escorted by Duje river Deva in the west and east and administratively located between Asturias and Cantabria.

The first line of mountains that are seen by the South Summit Oats. The southernmost peak of this set is the Castro Cogollos (1,692 m), then there is the peak of the Ox (1,870 m), Joracón de la Miel (1,902 m), the peak of the Canal Arenosa (1,882 m) and peak Corvo’s (1,878 m).

Through the Chamber collado access the very heart of the East Massif. Along northeast-southwest alignment in the first chamber Peaks (2,050 m), followed Pozán Peak (2,188 m), also known as Jiso, which forms the southeast ridge route climbing largest solid ride.

Continuing north and heights are relevant, such as Cortés Prao (2,288 m) and Pico Cortés (2,373 m). Also on the Oak Cueto (2,193 m), which gives way to the Morro de Lechugales, maximum height of the mountain with 2444 meters of altitude.

Further north are the peaks of Jierru (2,422 m) and the Pica Jierru (2,421 m), also known as the Evangelist or the roll Infanta. At this point there is a fork that goes to the north Valdominguero Peak (2,265 m), and the Malata Cuetu the Vezada which will give, west of Las Vegas Sotres.

Following Valdominguero Peak to the north stand of Spades Jou Landless (2,159 m the highest of the two), the Cuetu Tejáu (2,129 m), the PICU Boro, the Cuetu the Clabreros and finally, the Pica Suns Source , which will give the Jitu of Escarandi, northern boundary of solid walking.

From Pico Valdominguero northeast there are other peaks, including Pico Soriano (2,161 m) and Cuetos of Ramazan and the trails (both at about 1900 meters altitude), near the refuge of Casetón walk. On the other side of the sanctuary rises Macondíu peak of 1999 meters.

Also noteworthy are the peaks which are east of the Morro de Lechugales, such as the Silla del Caballo Cimera (2,436 m) and south of it, the Table of Pino (2,154 m).

Pica’s Jierru from a mountain range extends to the northwest as it crosses the summit of Pico de Arriba Grajal (2,349 m), Pico de Grajal Bottom (2248 m), Grajal Castle (2,091 m) of the Rasa the endless (2,284 m) and Cueto del Diablo (2,267 m), also known as the Junciana.

East of the Peak rises Junciana of the Sacred Heart, and with 2214 meters of great significance because since last year of the nineteenth century held by the local people, a ceremony on its summit. Desde esta cima en dirección este, a través de la Horcada Jonfría (1.988 m) se encuentran cimas como el Pico de la Jonfría (2.067 m), el Castillín (2.042 m), el Alto de los Novillos (2.033 m) o, ya en el extremo oriental, la Peña del Roblo (1.775 m).

Drawing on the Peak of the Sacred Heart, rising to the north and the other heights Samelar Peak (2,227 m), Canto de la Concha (2,093 m), the Alto de las Verdiana (2,024 m). , and below two thousand meters, Becerreras the Becerreras of Cueto and Columbros. From the Top of the collar and through Verdiana of Llaguno (1,948 m) rising on the eastern edge of the bed to walk, as the summit of Pico Agudín of 1976 meters of altitude. The following peaks (Peak Steel Tarabillera of Pico, Pico Pana, Cueto of the Llosa and Ciruenzo Mayor) are gradually losing height until about three thousand meters and reach the place where, on the east end Picos de Europe.

Culture

The terrain and weather in the Picos de Europe have defined over time some very particular characteristics of its inhabitants. Livestock and grazing mountain forage production and storage of hay for winter activities are typical of the area. Also the variety of cheeses made in different counties, like Cabrales, Liebana, Gamonedo or the famous cheese Valdeón attach another feature.

Animals
The Chamois, King of the Peaks.

Of the fauna in the Picos de Europa is the chamois (Rupicapra parva Rupricapra). Their presence in the higher elevations of the mountains is as spectacular as surprising is their agility in a difficult spot because it is the only one who dares to venture into areas Picos higher.

In most places there are available a greater variety of species such as roe deer, deer, wild boar, fox, wolf or bear. In rivers, otters, water blackbird, the kingfisher, the Atlantic salmon and trout. And above all the peculiar grouse, although their presence is greater in the Cantabrian Mountains, here you can also see and hear his song. The capercaillie inhabits forests, where it coexists with black cock (Dryocopus martius), partridge, wild cats, the dormouse, squirrels and genets.

Among the more than 100 varieties of birds can be found in the park, is large raptors such as golden eagles, toed eagle, the vulture, the griffon vulture and bearded vulture. They live the Red-billed Chough, Chough piquigualda and the crow. And you can see the flight of acentor, the sparrow and the Alpine Pipit.

Flora

The proximity of the Peaks of Europe to the coast, about thirty kilometers, allowing them to develop plant species both Atlantic and Mediterranean. Peaks present in the vegetation can be distinguished according to the height you are. Thus, you can identify the areas dominated by oak, beech and oak.

Above 1,500 meters, due to the altitude and the rugged terrain, the presence is limited plant, where the ground permits, the alpine meadows. Highlight species Saxifraga Sedum and between the cracks of rocks. The lower height can highlight the presence of plant species such as ash, juniper, birch, walnut or lime. Also some species of flowers, the Cantabrian aquiline, the wallflower of the field or evergreen. We can find carnivorous plants such as Pinguicula vulgaris.
“300 million years were needed for the Peaks of Europe presented its current topography, different foldings and glaciations have shaped its tortuous landscape of high mountains chaired by needles and sharp edges impressive, deep gorges and twisted crossed by crystal clear water to give way to lush valleys covered with forests and grasslands ”

Represents the Atlantic forest ecosystems linked. Peaks of Europe have the largest limestone formation of Atlantic Europe, with significant karst processes, potholes reaching 1,000 m, glacial erosion and the presence of very clear lakes.

Among his chamois inhabits the cliffs in dense forests and the deer in the valleys there are still wolves. In the Park is home to more than 140 different birds, which include the capercaillie and the black cock, and between large predators the griffon vulture and golden eagle. But here is much more than scenery, there are centuries of history written in the villages, in valleys, in churches, in the cabins of its ports and roads.

But here is much more than scenery, there are centuries of history written in the villages, in valleys, in churches, in the cabins of its ports and roads.

Comillas

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The town, declared a historic-artistic, is known by the nickname of “Villa of the archbishops, as in his town who were born five prelates over age Madia took several dioceses.
Noteworthy is the magnificent architecture and ancestral mansions with their shields, own lineage of the time.
Its cobbled streets, squares and invite you to discover every corner of the town, reporting to the visitor a feeling of peace and serenity.

In the middle is the town square, surrounded by houses with extensive views, next to City Hall and the parish church of San Cristobal, whose construction dates from the seventeenth century. In the town center, Piazza del Corro noted Campi, where you will find the main bars and restaurants of the town, busy in summer, and a little farther from the Plaza of Three Caños, with tower and houses spacious sunny where we must mention the source of air marked modernist.

The monumental Comillas stems under the patronage of Antonio Lopez, the first Marqués de Comillas, who got in the summer of 1881 King Alfonso XII to spend their holidays in the village, thus becoming the place chosen by the aristocracy as a tourist center summer. This allowed the Catalans to important modernist architects of the time it made much of his works, thus giving it a set of extraordinary beauty.

Palace Sobrellano. Great building, also called Palacio del Marqués de Comillas, since it was built in the same place where his home is located, being designed by the Catalan architect Juan Martorell. Neo-Gothic, part of the furniture was Cascante idea, speaking also on the artistic Lorens painter and sculptor Joan Roig. Jointly with the style palace, the chapel vault is characterized by hair marble mausoleums. Part of the furniture was designed by Gaudi. Visiting hours are from 10.30 until July 13,30 and 16 to 19.30 (Closed Monday and Tuesday). July to September 9 from 10 to 21 hours. The fare is 3 euros and 3 euros Palace Chapel. Phone: 942720339

Universidad Pontificia. Impressive building that dominates the town from the west, is one of the most representative of the village. The ornamental details, as well as access to the home were designed by the architect Doménesch.

“El Capricho” Gaudi. Declared a historic-artistic monument in 1969, is a beautiful building in the arabesque style that highlights her porch with large columns with ceramic decorations of its walls.

The cemetery. Topped by the magnificent works of sculpture The Angel of Joseph Llimona exterminator, overlooking the ruins of the old Gothic monastery, one of the finest details of the landscape of Comillas.

Monument to the Marquis de Comillas. Doménech work, was erected in 1980, located on a hill, from which dominates the village with excellent sea views.

Playa de Comillas. Fine golden sand, the beach of Comillas is located in the town center. Awarded the distinctive blue flag, has all kinds of services.
Is located very close to the natural environment Oyambre, near the estuary of Rabies. This is one of the best preserved beaches of the region, highlighting its dunes, surrounded by a landscape of incredible beauty.
The entire coastline of Comillas is ideal for water sports such as diving, sailing, racing drifters, windsurfing.
You can also opt for fishing bait in the steep cliffs surrounding the town.
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Santillana’s Beach (Santa Justa)

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Description: Santillana del Mar is one of the highest artistic and historical value of Spain. Say your name is referring to the Caves of Altamira, a cave filled with prehistoric paintings called the “Sistine Chapel” of rock art. Among the sights to visit include the church of Santa Juliana and towers and Don Borja Merino, two of the oldest buildings in the locality. The streets of Santillan, medieval cobbled, there are craft workshops. It is typical tea biscuits with milk. It also stresses that the nature and the coast, ideal for fishing.

FEATURES:
Action: It has a length of 100 m and a width of 50 m.
Level of occupancy: Low.
Degree of urbanization: Paperback.
Soil: very fine golden sand.
Terms bathing beach windy. Moderate waves.
Safety: Signs of danger.
Comment: The height of beach access is significant and the slope of access to water is soft.

SERVICES:
Parking: Inadequate.
Since relief: Yes
Drinking water: Yes
Bins and waste collection: Yes
Access to animals: No
Comment: Clean beach. Pedestrian access and road

Santillana del Mar’s Zoo

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Situated in a valley at the entrance to the road Santillana de Puente San Miguel, is the compound where hundreds of biological species living together in a unique environment, from bison to ass and from reptiles to butterflies, whose campus is lush in vegetation and colorful.

Important in its teaching and research with various programs for the conservation and reproduction of endangered species.
Because you can walk through a rainforest from hundreds of beautiful BUTTERFLIES live and dozens of exotic orchids.

Because maybe you will see how they feed and if you dare to touch one of the more than 100 snakes and other .. it and the nursey born more than 50 throughout the summer and the public eye!
Live here because some of the primates of the most rare and beautiful world: Sumatran orangutans, chimpanzees, lemurs, Cercopítecos, mandrels, titis, tamarins … many with their babies.

Because they see many other animals from all corners of the planet: Panteras de las Nieves, Sumatran Tigers, Bears, Tarantulas, Scorpions, Fish … Thousands of animals from more than 450 different species!
Because you can see a unique spectacle: 1200 GARCILLAS, herons and CIGÜEÑA living free in the evening and return in groups to the Zoo to rest. ¡The treetops of the Zoo is filled with hundreds of beautiful birds!.

Because at the farm of the ZOO can hear the smallest breeds of hens and rabbits, pigs Vietnam, donkeys, goats and other domestic animals. Also the garden, fruit trees …
Because the Zoo is a botanical garden with over 300 trees of 60 different species …

Because you worked with your visit conservation programs in this and many other species that are endangered.

Altamira Museum Replica

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In 1998 he launched the project of making the replica of the cave of Altamira Neocave the. Directed the National Geographic Institute topography of a high precision, which reached up to 40,000 dots per square meter on the roof of the polychrome. We could thus recreate the morphology of the Paleolithic cave in your state. An automated machine reproduced the profile of the cave in blocks of polystyrene. Blocks are coated with a thin layer of wax which reproduces the texture of natural rock from silicone imprints and all this was altered according to specific pictures. By casting the new roof was artificial rock which is composed of 80% limestone powder. The reproduction of the Paleolithic paintings and engravings was made with the same procedures and materials used by artists of Altamira: water, charcoal and ocher. A giant puzzle was finally joined by steel turnbuckles.

The Neocave
Preamble

Before entering the cave, we know through the story of a film of Altamira, which was inhabited since prehistory, its discovery in the late nineteenth century and its opening to tourism in the twentieth century.

Palaeolithic camp

At the entrance of the cave, a place illuminated by daylight, witnessed a moment in the daily lives of a group of Magdalenian hunter-gatherers.

The archaeological excavation

The archaeological excavation began the research that allows the reconstruction of scientific Neocave as a Paleolithic site, and learn the ways of life of these hunter-gatherers.

Oseran

When the cave was not inhabited by humans, was the bear of the caves for hibernation.

They left traces of his footsteps on the clay and vigorous zarpazos on the walls. At times, failed to pass the winter, leaving their bones in oval beds to dig in the soil of the cavern.

Workshop of the painter

How film evokes a painted bison of Altamira.

Altamira artist used various instruments to perform their works: burins of flint to burn the pictures, lamps for lighting marrow, charcoal pencils to mark the black and gray colors of ocher which provided an intense red color, for muñequillas application, etc.

Room paint

The tour culminates with the Neocave room visit paintings. Altamira a great artist in the Paleolithic painted the masterpiece of prehistoric rock art.

Bison, horses, deer, goats, and signs of antropormorfos enigmatic meaning, are the expression of an art of hunters, their expression of spirituality that is its way of understanding the world.

“Cola de Caballo”

Also in other galleries of the cave are preserved cave demonstrations interesting and less known.

The last one is called “Cola de Caballo.” Throughout its seventy meters for houses over forty plays rock. A sample of them can be included in the final stretch of the Neocave.

The permanent exhibition

The best of the Upper Palaeolithic archaeological collection, with more than 400 original objects from the Museum’s funds, as well as other national and international collections:

* Museum of Archeology and Prehistory of Cantabria
* Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Madrid)
* National Archaeological Museum (Madrid)
* Museum of Investigation of Prehistoric Valencia
* Museo de América (Madrid)
* Museo Nacional de Antropología (Madrid)
* Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes de Santander
* Archaeological Museum of Oviedo
* Museum of Caves Isturitz

Recreation, movies, cartoons and sets us Paleolithic tools in its original context, to better understand the people who they thought were manufactured and used.

Altamira, the discovery of art

This space is dedicated to the figure of D. Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola, discoverer of the Palaeolithic rock art. It contains the publication released to the scientific discovery of the Altamira Cave, and the remains collected by this researcher in his visits to the cave.

Besides the initial research on the art of Altamira, is the technology currently applied to conservation of Altamira.

Prehistoric archeology
Image shows a visitor looking through a microscope

Scientific knowledge about the times of Altamira, called the Upper Paleolithic period, is obtained from the Prehistoric Archeology.

This science studies the remains from archaeological sites, which allow then to reconstruct the past.

The work of archaeologists is illustrated by a laboratory recreation of the instruments used by the sciences that contribute to the reconstruction of the past.

Before Altamira
Overview with the reconstruction of several hominids

The route of this sector shows the spaces and environments in which other humans inhabited the planet before us during the Pleistocene, and the cultures that developed.

After a million years of evolution of the human species, Homo sapiens, our own species, is responsible for the culture of the Upper Paleolithic, the era of Altamira.

In this room is a superb selection of Paleolithic tools made of stone and bone, and constitute a complete, diversified and specialized “tool box” of the inhabitants of Altamira Cave, a true technological revolution.

Life in the times of Altamira
Recreation of a group of hunter-gatherers working in the confection of her dress

The lives of hunter – gatherers of the Upper Paleolithic, the times of Altamira, shown from the known archaeological objects presented in its original context, showing its use and manufacturing process.

Hunter – gatherer meet your needs by selecting vital natural resources through hunting, fishing and gathering.

Developed part of their daily work inside the cave, around the home. Know your food, the preparation of hides to make clothing, and personal ornaments.

Social organization and its relationship to the environment, how to exploit economically the Cantabrian region, the seasonal movement in the area, and major archaeological sites in Cantabria.

The death and funeral expressions are illustrated in several burials known in Europe.

The first art

The ability to convey symbolic behavior by means of artistic expression is an innate cultural modern man. The Art of Prehistory is a phenomenon throughout the world, which takes place in parallel with the colonization of the planet from human groups.

Paleolithic Art consists of two main types of expression, rock art (developed in the walls of caves and rock outcrops) and art furniture (represented by objects such as notebook chips decorated stone, horn, bone, ivory, etc.)..

The themes of art, major shrines and even the music of that artistic expression just keep some basic but fun, musical instruments, are treated in specific ways. But the paragraph on the meaning of Paleolithic Art, his timeless interpretation, and his strength as an expression of human thought through the most unique an impressive audiovisual.

The end of an era
Six times spearsuns aziliense

With the end of the Pleistocene and the last glaciation there were climatic changes, ecological and environmental implications of enormous significance that affected communities Paleolithic, which responded to changing conditions, not only economic behavior, but also cultural. Is the end of the Paleolithic.

The Aziliense last Paleolithic culture, is the human response to changing conditions on the planet. During this time, 10,000 years ago, human groups have developed adaptations that led to the gradual disappearance of life forms and cultural expression of the Paleolithic, including the art of the caves.

Prehistory and others for more
A child consulting a database in one computer

Prehistory in general and the Paleolithic in particular have been an endless source of inspiration for the various arts of the twentieth century. Panels and databases provide information on the impact of Prehistory and the art of Altamira in the world of cinema, comics, literature and advertising.

We also offer information on other prehistoric sites to visit several European countries and a bibliography for more prehistory.

The park Paleolithic Altamira
Landscape seen from the Museo de Altamira

In the natural environment surrounding the building of the Museum of Altamira you can stroll freely, enjoying its magnificent landscape. To the north are the green praderías cantabrian, with gentle hills and the valley that houses the town of Santillana del Mar. Further south, on clear days, can see the majestic Picos de Europa and the fertile foothills of the Cantabrian Mountains.
Vegetation at the site of the Museo de Altamira

In this large hall has made a return to landscape plant species, through analysis of pollen deposits Altamira know that populated the area around the cavity. In the vicinity of the Neocave growing birch trees and a grove of hazelnut trees. Elsewhere, scattered patches of pines thrive, oak, ash and many grasses (heather, grasses, composites, etc). This vegetation forms a kind of open park, similar to that which accompanied the people of Altamira at the Upper Palaeolithic.

The building
The building which houses the Museo de Altamira work by Juan Navarro Baldeweg

The protection of the Altamira Cave has been the main constraint on the location, design and construction of the building that houses the new Museum of Altamira, which opened in 2001, designed by Juan Navarro Baldeweg.

The building is minimalist, as part of the landscape as a continuation of the essence of the Altamira Cave, designed to accommodate spaces in which the practical work of this museum: the permanent exhibition spaces, including the reproduction of the famous hall of polychromatic, laboratories, classrooms for activities, auditorium, library, cafeteria, shop, etc..

Activities
Talleres de Prehistoria
Other activities
Temporary Exhibitions
Courses, Congresses and Conferences

For school groups
A museum to learn and experience

The Museum is a place to learn, to express themselves and share experiences. The Museum’s mission is to conserve and study a real “treasure”, the cave of Altamira and Paleolithic art preserved archaeological objects from the Upper Palaeolithic. The archaeological heritage is displayed in the Museum’s permanent exhibit, and prehistory workshops offer the possibility of manipulating and verify their effectiveness through recreations and reproductions.

How to book a school group visits

The Museum of Altamira recommended book your visit through the Department of reservations.
Reservations department for visiting groups (maximum 100 people) and Talleres de Prehistoria:

1. Submit completed application form at least 15 days before the requested visit.
Application Form (PDF)
http://museodealtamira.mcu.es/escolar_solicitud.html
2. Within a week, will receive a booking form visit the group with the date and time of your visit and the amount to be paid at the ticket office upon arrival to the museum.
3. A week before his visit, one of the teachers accompanying the group must confirm by phone, fax or email, your visit to the Museum in the days and hours in the reserve and the size of your group. From this moment no changes are allowed on your reservation.
4. If desired, the school will receive a visit plan that will detail the organization of his visit: the organization in small groups to visit the Neocave and participation in workshops prehistory, and the time allocated to each group for each activity.
5. You can contact the Reservations Department at:
Email: @ reserva.maltamira mcu.es
Fax: (+34) 942 81 88 36
Phone: (+34) 942 81 81 02
Hours: Tuesday to Saturday from 18.00 has 9.30

# Rates

* Students under 18 years: free
* College Students: Free
* Teachers and accompanying adults: free

To prepare for the visit

The Museum of Altamira offers cooperation to educators, teachers and professors for the preparation of your visit: You can book your tickets through our reservations department, will guide the organization of his visit, and we offer various resources to develop activities in their classroom and the museum exhibition.

WELCOME TO THE MUSEUM OF ALTAMIRA
The host school groups (pdf).
THE EXHIBITION “The Times of Altamira”
DISCLOSURE OF THE PREHISTORY ALTAMIRA
Resources for teaching and learning in the exhibition.
READ MORE
Bibliography for Educators (pdf document)
The Paleolithic in Cantabria (pdf document)
LEARNING EXPERIENCE FOR
Workshops for pre school
LEARNING TO LEARN IN THE MUSEUM
Didactic Itineraries
WHAT WE WANT TO KNOW ABOUT ALTAMIRA?
Themed Tours

Resources for learning
An exhibition with many meanings

Resources for learning in the exhibition (pdf document)

The Neocave: A Place in the Paleolithic

The Neocave gives us a tour of a place in the Paleolithic. Next to the entrance of the cave, a Paleolithic family develops their daily lives in a camp Magdalenian.
At home, the workshop of the artist shows us the tools and techniques used by the artist of Altamira.
The Neocave allows us to contemplate in detail the art of Altamira, which is not even accessible in the original.

The Times of Altamira in the halls of the exhibition

The permanent exhibition The Times of Altamira account through different languages and various media outlets accessible to children and youth.
The rooms of the museum are more than 400 original objects that comprise the finest collection of archaeological period Paleolithic of the Iberian Peninsula. The exhibition is
organized into sections that address specific issues around the time that was inhabited Altamira:

* The discovery of the cave of Altamira, and actions for their conservation.
* Before Altamira: The Evolution of Humanity
* The daily life in times of Altamira.
* The art of the Paleolithic, the first art of mankind.

To learn at the Museum
Archaeological objects
The original archaeological objects displayed in the showcases are the first contact for visitors to the era in the Altamira Museum. They are the testimony of the people of prehistory preserved for 15,000 years.
You can play
These objects are accessible to the touch through recreations and reproductions. The objects of flint, deer horn and bone are part of the comprehensive “tool box and tools” that people tried to Altamira.
Cartoons
The Museum of Altamira is the first museum incorporating the cartoons in order to prehistory. The evolution of humanity and ways of living in the Upper Palaeolithic, hunting, fishing and gathering are illustrated with cartoons, aimed at children and adults without prejudice.
Movies
Film exposure recreate scenes of everyday life in the cave Altamira.Muestran tools in the hands of those who thought were manufactured and used.

The scenery
The scenes showing objects in their original environment, their use and manufacture. They may discover that the needle and thread are inventions of the Upper Palaeolithic.

Visiting the Exhibition

The exhibition “Times of Altamira” is a unique space that allows educators to apply various strategies to teach and learn with the cultural heritage.

From the Museo de Altamira offers several suggestions for exploring this area and our partnership in creating their own tours.

More exposure times ALTAMIRA

To design your educational visit to the exhibition, we propose:
Didactic Itineraries
Thematic

Didactic Itineraries
Make your visit to the Altamira Museum in an educational experience

The Museum of Altamira suggests visiting the rooms of the exhibition with didactic itineraries. These activities designed by teachers and educators Cantabria propose different ways of learning in the museum.
DESTINATION ALTAMIRA Route To Early Childhood Education
ALTAMIRA itinerary, a place for primary education from the Paleolithic
Route A GIFT FROM WATER For Primary Education.
Itinerary times ALTAMIRA To E.S.O.
DIME itinerary that takes you to the grave, and I will tell you WHO YOU ARE For Adult Education

Each itinerary is an open learning, which every teacher can customize and adapt to the characteristics and needs of your student group.
The Department of Communication at the Museum of Altamira is available to assist in the preparation of its visit.

Thematic
Guided tours for you

What kind of educational experience looking at the museum for their students? What theme deemed most appropriate for each of their groups?

The guided tours of the teacher to customize the tour of the exhibition and apply the most appropriate learning strategy from the various resources of the museum museum.

The Museum of Altamira offers some possible theme for the exhibition halls. Each of these tours focus the visitor’s attention on one aspect of the lifestyles of hunter-gatherers of the Upper Palaeolithic period, from a selection of archaeological exhibited and interpreted. In this way, the museum is moving the available information on exposure for each teacher to design the activity through its students access to cultural heritage and knowledge. More info ..

Workshops for Pre-school

Altamira Museum booklet for schools (pdf format)

Prehistoric Technology Workshops
Prehistoric Technology Workshops
E. For students Secondary and E. Adult

Visitors to the Museum of Altamira can practice some of the daily tasks carried out by the inhabitants of the cave of Altamira in the Upper Paleolithic.

Classroom workshops for children Prehistory
Workshops for children Prehistory
E. For students Kids and E. Primaria.

In a Paleolithic camp kids will learn the tools that the people of the Cave of Altamira used in their daily tasks. Learn how they were manufactured and used, and their utility through games and creative activities.

Research
Restorer working in the lab

Research is one of the essential functions entrusted to the Museum. Around it articulates the other functions of it: you can not disseminate, preserve or protect if you have not done an exhaustive study of museum collections which each have assigned.

Altamira Museum is a research specialist in Paleolithic art, seeks to serve the research a number of technical resources, such as preventive maintenance shop / restaurant, laboratory, warehouse specialist archaeological, archival documentary and specialized library in Prehistory and Rock Art, to carrying out this activity.

Museum collections

In modern warehouses in Altamira, acclimatized and adapted to the highest standards of conservation, guarding important archaeological collections from various sources Cantabrian. Out, of course, funds from various excavations within the cave of Altamira, but other sources are represented equally unique as Chufín, Rascaño, Salitre, Juyo, the battery or Castillo.
Exterior Interior Castle Cave of Altamira Cave Outside Cave Rascano Foreign Cave Juyo
Cueva de Altamira (Santillana del Mar, Cantabria)

The first excavations in the cave of Altamira carried out their scientific discoverer, Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola. Subsequently, there were sporadic collected materials and several excavation campaigns have revealed the existence of two levels of occupation, Solutrean and Magdalenian Upper Lower, respectively. The collapse of the exterior of the cavity, some thirteen thousand years ago marked the entrance and allowed the excellent preservation of its paintings and engravings.
Environs de Altamira (Santillana del Mar, Cantabria)

Yacimiento outdoors in the immediate vicinity of the cave of Altamira. The pieces have been classified in the Acheulian Typologically Superior. The most useful characteristic is hendedores type 0, bifaces, carved stones, both unifacial and bifacial and the simple scrapers. The materials used are the sandstone and quartzite from nearby rivers and river terraces.
Yacimiento of Cuchi (Cuchí, Miengo, Cantabria)

Huge outdoor site near the cave of the stack. Has suffered the same as the consequences of this exploitation of a quarry, which is currently very poor condition. Has provided a huge number of parts of the Upper Acheulian, some of which are deposited at the Museo de Altamira, where they arrived with the materials of the stack.
Cueva del Castillo (Puente Viesgo, Cantabria)

Discovered by Alcalde del Río in 1903, contains numerous examples of rock art as well as a site of special significance, with levels ranging from archaeological to Eneolítico Acheulian. This sequence provides crucial data for better understanding of the moments of transition from Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic and from there to Superior, their chronologies and processes that come as a replacement rate of human and cultural horizons.
Cueva Morin (Villanueva de Villaescusa, Cantabria)

Morín cave contains an important archaeological site consists of 22 levels of middle and upper Paleolithic. At level 17, Mousterian period, appeared a wall off a curved enclosure inside which were found large quantities of stone tools and bones worked. Also at level 8, Aurignacian period, was also separated by a partition structure of the occupied area of skin such as cemeteries, where they have distinguished the tracks left in the clay by the burial of four individuals.
Cave Rascaño (Mirones, Miera, Cantabria)

The cave opens in a mountain on the left bank of the River Miera. Contains levels of periods Aurignacian, and Magdalenian Aziliense. The small reservoir should be inhabited by a small group of people dedicated to fishing for salmon and trout and intensive hunting of ibex, whose remains represent 85% of all fauna identified. Most are adults, especially males, have been killed mainly during the summer.
Cueva del Salitre (Ajanedo, Miera, Cantabria)

The location of this cave is very similar to the Rascaño, in the same valley Miera, a steep slope, from which dominates the valley and river. It was discovered in 1903 by Lorenzo Sierra who identified the existence of an important archaeological site and paintings inside the cave. The stratigraphic sequence is doubtful due to a lack of systematic excavations, although they have identified levels of the Upper Palaeolithic and Aziliense.
Cave Chufín (Riclones, Cantabria)

The cave is situated in the ravine Lamasón River, a tributary of the Nansa at low altitude from the current level of water in the swamp of Palombera. Contains an important set of Paleolithic rock art and archaeological Solutrean period. This level has provided tips for Solutrean concave base notch and other objects made of quartzite, quartz and to a lesser extent, in flint.
Cave Juyo (Igollo de Camargo, Cantabria)

It was discovered in 1953 by Dn. Alfredo Garcia Lorenzo. The Juyo opens at the bottom of a dolina, in a landscape dominated by soft karst formations. About 5 km far from the coastline today. Contains an important stratigraphy of Lower Magdalenian Cantabrian who has interesting collections of objects in stone, bone and horn as well as an important economic and paleoenvironmental information. Its people practiced intensive hunting deer, gathering shellfish and normal plant resources. At level 4, have discovered a series of structures interpreted as a shrine, which have revealed the existence of a complex world of belief.
Cueva de La Pila (Cuchí, Miengo, Cantabria)

The cave of La Pila, threatened by the advance of a quarry was excavated emergency, and soon after disappeared altogether. Was known by local people who had used it to extract the land to pay the fields. This activity destroyed the remnants of high-medieval era, as well as several tombs of the Bronze Age. The site consisted of Palaeolithic levels Aziliense and Superior-Final Magdalenian. Has provided important information on the transition from Pleistocene to Holocene, and a magnificent collection of harpoons, assegai, chisels, and pendants, some decorated.
The Stalactites Cave (Santillana del Mar, Cantabria)

This small cave was discovered in the summer of 1928 to extract stone for the construction of the access road to the cave of Altamira. His interest is purely geological as it is covered with beautiful formations estalacmíticas and has not been discovered rock art and archaeological site. However, it appeared the skeleton of an individual from the Bronze Age and the remains of a deer, whose presence inside the cave remains an enigma.
Institute Collection

The collection comprises a selection of objects of horn, bone and stone from various sources of France and Spain. It is not known at what time came to Altamira Museum, although its origin could well be the Institute for Media Education de Santander, Instituto Santa Clara today, where he could have educational purposes. We must not forget that this Institute was the place where other researchers Sautuola and archaeological materials deposited in the absence of a Provincial Museum of Prehistory.
Yacimientos inferopaleolíticos outdoors

There is a small batch of materials from the open fields with lithic materials assigned to the Lower Paleolithic. These lots, collected from the surface between 1979 and 1983, allow an approximation to the techno-typological characteristics of the outdoor stations of the Cantabrian coast of the phases prewürmienses.

Access Catalog

DOMUS is an integrated system of documentation and museum management developed by the Ministry of Culture (Branch of State Museums and Subdirectorate Technology and Information Systems). This is a catalog for application and management of cultural property held by museums.
The catalog information and digital images of the museum’s collections are displayed to the public through this website. In the near future become part of the Red Digital de Museos Españoles.

Textual information and images in this catalog are the property of the Ministry of Culture. This database is only for study and research, any other use must be consulted at the National Museum and Research Center of Altamira.

Research Projects

As the National Research Center, the Museum of Altamira develops own lines of inquiry, in addition to scientifically support and collaborate on projects outside the Paleolithic they have as an object of study.
The Times of Altamira
The Times of Altamira Cave Rock Art in the Linares

The Times of Altamira
Map indicating the sites under study in the Times of Altamira

Since 2003, the team of researchers at the National Museum and Research Center of Altamira develops scientific project “The Times of Altamira”. The project is dedicated to the time that Altamira was used as a room, and as a sanctuary for groups of hunter-gatherers of the Upper Palaeolithic advanced (Solutrean and Magdalenian cultures Lower / Middle). Pretending to know how the occupations were human, what conditions were and what the area around the cave of Altamira, ie the lower river Saja and central coastal region of Cantabria, during Tardiglacial. This territory is located, in addition to the Altamira Cave, caves with other important records geoarqueológicos-of-art and chronology similar to those of Altamira.

The work consisted of cleaning action cuts and limited pre-existing stratigraphic exploratory excavations, as well as the review and search for graphics parietal, in the caves of Cualventi The Linares and water (located at only 2.9, 5.8 and 6.3 km from Altamira, respectively). All investigated sites and stratigraphic levels have archaeological evidence and rock the stage under study, between 22,000 and 14,000 years before present.

Excavation work in the Cave of Cualventi

The results of this project will be published in 2008 in the Museum Monograph Series.

More information:
Lasheras, JA, Montes, R., Munoz, E.; Rasina, P., De las Heras, C and P. Fatás (2005): The scientific project “Times of Altamira”, first results. Munib No. 57, Tribute to Dr. Jesús Altuna. San Sebastián.

Lasheras, JA, Montes, R.; Rasina, P., Munoz, E.; Fatás, P. and De las Heras, C. (2005): Cave Cualventi (Oren, Alfoz of Lloreda, Cantabria): a new Palaeolithic art site in Cantabrian Spain. Inoren. Foix.

Montes, R., Munoz, E., Lasheras, JA, De las Heras, C.; Rasina P. and Fatás, P. (2004): The association stag / c-ibex in sets of Magdalenian cave Lower / Middle of the center of the Cantabrian region: some new findings and interpretations. Proceedings of the XXI Symposium Valcamonica.

Altamira Cave
The Altamira Cave, inside the Gallery Final

Altamira Cave
Photograph of the cut in the stratigraphic Altamira Cave

In the past two years, the team of researchers at the Museum has conducted archaeological activities at the site of Cueva de Altamira that have improved the understanding of this important stratigraphic record.

The work consisted of cleaning the existing stratigraphic court (the result of excavations old), his drawings and documentation geoarqueológica, sampling Palynological and sedimentological analysis, as well as conducting carbon 14 dating by AMS.

The study pointed out that knowledge on the archaeological stratigraphy of the cavity providing the various scholars and researchers, from 1875 to 1981, have been investigated in the cavity.

Moreover, at the end of 2006 saw the development of a comprehensive geophysical reconnaissance, electrical tomography and GPR, the area outside the door of access to the cavity (type dolina window located north of the mouth today, and zone location of paleo-hall collapsed under the visor) and the stretch of undisturbed soil with the first room of the cave. The work, conducted jointly by the Archaeological and SOT Propecció Group R & D Economic and Environmental Geology and Hydrology of the Central University of Barcelona, have provided interesting results that are possible to know, in some detail the evolution of the cave gemorfológica during the Upper Pleistocene.

Is planned throughout 2008, some polls begin in the area outside the cave (in the paleo-hall), with the aim of gaining an understanding of human occupation in the cavity.

The first results of this project án soon be available through an article on this website.

Conservation de la Cueva de Altamira
Conservation de la Cueva de Altamira

Altamira Cave was discovered after 1869 to remain closed more than 13,000 years by the collapse of the post. From this time altering the environmental conditions were kept intact pigments for millennia.

During the twentieth century, the fragile geological structure of the cavity, with work in the interior and the massive influx of visitors, were some of the factors that contributed to destabilizing the delicate microclimate underground. The cave had to be closed to the public in 1977 to discuss the situation in depth. This study was commissioned by the University of Cantabria in 1982 and the cave was reopened to the public with a limited regime of visits that lasted until September 2002 when it was closed again to assess their current state.
Current Situation

Since 1994, the Superior Council of Scientific Research under the Ministry of Education and Science, is the agency responsible for the study of the conservation status of the Altamira Cave. In 2007 renewed the cooperation agreement between the Ministry of Culture, Directorate General of Fine Arts and Cultural Property, and the CSIC, with a duration of thirty months and a cost of € 360,000.

From their findings may know the exact function of the dynamic behavior of groundwater and environmental factors. Their results allow for the establishment of a new regime for public access compatible with the strictest preservation of Palaeolithic art.
Measuring devices in the Cave of Altamira measurement system inside the room Pol stickers!

The investigation focuses on the following aspects:

* Study of the microclimate of the cave, by monitoring and high resolution monitoring of the most significant environmental parameters:
Barometer or
or outside temperature, cave atmosphere, soil and water
or relative humidity and total
Radon or inside the cave
or CO2 in the air inside and outside
or rate of water infiltration
or heat flux
or speed the flow of air inside the cave
* Geomicrobiology
* Characterization of karst geology
* Characterization hydrochemistry of water infiltration

One of the issues most relevant to the conservation of the paintings is the preservation of the environment of the cave as the exchange of matter between the subsurface and the atmosphere is continuous.

The development plan for Altamira Museum allowed between 1997 and 2001, to undertake a series of key actions to ensure this protection: The purchase of land in the vicinity of the cave, soil management through the removal of roads, homes and livestock facilities in their environment. These were, among others, some of the measures that have helped restore the landscape around the cave and monitor land use by avoiding harmful actions.

Currently, the Altamira Museum holds more than 160,000 m2 of land on the surface of the Altamira Cave.

Research news
The Museum explores the prehistory of America in Paraguay

During the month of April 2008 a team of archaeologists from the Museum of Altamira has done in Paraguay (department Amambay fieldwork of the project “Cultural Heritage Tavyterâ Pai village in Venda Jasuka,” funded by the Spanish Agency of International Cooperation for Development.

This year has documented rock art shelter Itaguy Guasú in Jasuka, including archaeological excavation, under the supervision of indigenous leaders Pai, owner of the hill, in collaboration with the NGO Indigenous Support Service. In addition, scientists Paraguayans, work is on file with the heritage and tradition of oral Tavyterâ Pai in Pai Guarani and Spanish, for publication in general and also for teaching among the Pai. Another objective is to review publications teaching materials and textbooks of Paraguay on the prehistory of the country to assess the current Paraguayan prehistory, archaeological heritage and its rock art.

At the end of 2008 will move the first results of archaeological research.
Details of the rock art Itaguy Guasu
Presented at scientific stratigraphy of the site of Cueva de Altamira.

During the 1st Round Table on the Upper Palaeolithic Cantabric San Román de Candamo held between 26 and 28 April 2007, he presented “The stratigraphy of the site of Cueva de Altamira.

This study is integrated into the archaeological being made within the research project “The Times of Altamira” that the National Museum and Research Center of Altamira has been developing since 2003 and has enabled a better understanding of the deposit geoarqueológico Altamira .
Two new volumes of the Series of Monographs of the Museum of Altamira

Continuing its program of publications, the Museum of Altamira has published the numbers 21 and 22 of his series of monographs. These are the doctoral thesis to know two of the most prominent national scene, in studies on the Paleolithic mainland: Tarrin Antonio Vinagre (University of Vitoria) and Miguel Cortés Sánchez (Universidad de Córdoba).

Library

The library of the National Museum and Research Center of Altamira is a tool for researchers of the Museum, students and professionals related to the study of Prehistory, the management of Heritage and Museology.

The library is also a documentation center on the history of the museum and the cave of Altamira. As such, it contains documents, maps, audio and photos, funds currently being sorted and cataloged.

Access and timetables
Consultation in the Library

Access to the library will be conducted by appointment after appointment, indicating the nature of research to develop.

We could get the card reader to complete the application form available on the premises of the library, enclosing photocopy of the DNI.

The hours of the consultation room is open Monday to Friday from 9.30 to 14.30 h.

Email: @ biblioteca.maltamira mcu.es

Rules of library use
User working in the library

Users with card reader may be on loan to a maximum of two books for a period of 15 days. If the selected material is video or cd-rom, the deadline is 5 days.

Materials returned in poor condition or lost must be replenished by an identical or similar characteristics.

The investigator may consult reference works necessary for its work and will be available on open access shelves.

The materials of the section of book and journals may be consulted only in the reading room or in the areas of research.

The old literary and documentary will be consulted under the supervision of staff, who provide the investigator and will return to place on your exact location

Bibliographical
Home Sanz publishing home of prehistoric objects Sautuola publication Ages Prehistoriques

The library of the Museo de Altamira was founded in 1979, coinciding with the creation of the Museum. She specializes in Prehistory and prehistoric art, Museology and heritage management. It also contains sections on History, Art History, History of Cantabria and reference works.

It currently has more than 8000 monographs and 314 periodicals related to the theme of the library and research activities of the Center.

The recent creation of this library not have a particularly rich old background. However, some have been able to acquire works of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, fundamental for the investigation of the cave of Altamira and the knowledge of the onset of Science in Prehistorical Spain.

Library Services
Working area of the library staff

* Personal loan for cardholders reader.
* The museum maintains the exchange of publications with various organizations, museums and universities.
* The library offers the opportunity to suggest new acquisitions through desugerencias mailbox.
* Library staff will advise the investigator on the literature related to their specific field of study available in the library and documentation center of the Museum of Altamira.
* Interlibrary loan, the library staff may provide users with read access card works in other centers, Interlibrary loan, the investigator should pay the costs
* The completion of photocopying shall be governed as in September out in the Intellectual Property Law (Royal Decree 1 / 1996 of April 12), in Articles 31 and 37.
* Annually prepare a report on activities as outlined in those most important activities undertaken by the library.

Source http://museodealtamira.mcu.es/