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Santillana’s Museums

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The Hall of Time
Fabulous journey through the history of watchmaking, where art and technology come together to offer visitors an unforgettable harmonic.
The lounge features a long time and select collection of vintage watches, grouped into five rooms and can observe its machines in operation and see the different styles and techniques used in its construction.
The Hall of time trying to bring the fascinating world of watchmaking and the time for people of all ages, with audio fun and easy way to tell us about the functioning of the mechanical clock and the passage of time.
A unique opportunity to access the world of watchmaking ancient privilege for a few centuries of scholars who understand this difficult art, whose legacy was transmitted from master to apprentice and now we can all admire.

More information: www.salondeltiempo.com

The Diocesan Museum Regina Coeli
In the former Dominican convent, Clarisa Order today with the aim of preserving, studying and presenting an important part of the religious heritage of the Diocese.
You can visit every day (except Mondays and the month of February) from 10 to 13 and 16 to 19 hours. Tel: 942840317 Your entry is joint to visit the cloister of the collegiate.

The Cloister of the Collegiate
Its national significance lies in its sculpture shows a synthesis of Roman iconography: themes of oriental origin, fantastic animals, biblical themes, profane, interlacing geometric Arabs and Normans and plant symbolism.
Their joint entry is to visit the Diocesan Museum.

The Museum and Research Center of Altamira
Contains a didactic exhibition on rock art and prehistory in Cantabria. The museum has managed to visit the caves, on application by letter or fax.
Admission is free and closes on Monday.

Fundación Santillana
With headquarters in the Tower of Don Borja, organizing major exhibitions and cultural events throughout the year, with a special vocation to the educational and cultural hispanoamericana.
Admission is free and open daily.

Jesus Otero Museum
Museum dedicated to local sculptor Jesús Otero. In the three halls are exposed a great number of his works, even in the garden, the sculptures are of greater volume.
Admission is free and closes on Monday.

The Solar Museum
European Torture in the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century, comprises more than 85 pieces.
HOURS: Daily 10 hrs 23 h. Phone: 942840273 – Fax.: 942840261

Casona of Tagle
We visit the house including the family Tagle.
The ground floor temporary exhibitions.
Hours: From July 1 to September 30 and Easter, is open Tuesday through Sunday. Rest of the year on weekends.

Torre del Merino
Is an exhibition about the technology and engineering from antiquity, from the perspective of besiegers and besieged.
From February 8 to November 3, 2002.
Open daily.
Summer hours from 10 to 22 h.
Consult the winter.
Tel: 942 818 289

Altamira Caves

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The Altamira Cave, discovered by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola in 1879, is located inside the Museum of Altamira on one of the hills surrounding the reclusive and pleasant valley that shelters the universal village of Santillana del Mar. The discovery raised a heated controversy among archaeologists because it did not believe that prehistoric men were able to make some very good paintings.
The main room, called polychromatic room, has been regarded as the “Sistine Chapel of Quaternary art.” At its roof represent nearly a hundred animals and signs, highlighting the 21 bison in different attitudes, along with other animals like deer, horses, goats, cattle, plus signs, hands and human figures, sometimes overlapping, made technical number-pattern, silhouette, painting, scraping and shading effects, which result in a composition of beauty and great movement, unique in the Paleolithic art.

Its realization dates back 14,000 years. The rest of the cave (which has a longitudinal development of 270 m) contains numerous engravings, even older, and an important archaeological site in the lobby. Altamira cave has been declared World Heritage by UNESCO.
Actually, from September 2002, the Altamira Cave is closed to the public for research purposes. Not currently supported applications visita.EL DISCOVERY

Very near Santillana del Mar, is the cave of Altamira, a unique chapter in the history of primitive art. In the summer of 1879, a kid of 12 years, daughter of the mountain caballero Don Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola, a friend walks by excavation and land next to his house, the father said, looking at the roof of one of the caves visited: “Dad, look, painted bulls!”.
He has publicly Sanz Sautuola of what that discovery in the cave of Altamira could mean. Was not recognized, however, the international media dedicated to the study of the emerging prehistory, the importance of the seen and studied by the mountain men. An authority on such studies, the French specialist M. Cartailhac to deny the authenticity of the paintings and capitanea the most stubborn opposition against the claims of the Spanish.

These, however eventually break into academies and conferences, and finally recognizes nobility Cartailhac his previous mistake and correcting it believed until then, in the pages of one of his Mea Culpa Sceptique. But Sanz de Sautuola has already died. It is very sincere repentance of the French teacher, and there is always visiting the cave of Altamira’s happening before, to greet Sautuola María, the daughter of the mountain men: the girl who one summer day, amazed, the father said those paintings drawn on the roof of the cavern.
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The Collegiate Church of Santillana del Mar

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The Collegiate Church of Santa Juliana de Santillana del Mar, Autonomous Community of Cantabria (Spain), which takes its name from this town Cantabria (Sant Iuliano – Santillana), is one of the most representative monuments of the Roman region. It was declared a National Monument in 1889.

Supposedly the young Juliana was martyred in Asia Minor (now Turkey) during the persecutions launched by Emperor Diocletian at the end of the third century, and his remains in the ninth century brought here by some monks, pilgrims. Already at that time (the documents place him at 870) a chapel was built under the advocation of holding the holy and venerate their relics, and then a monastery that flourished under the protection of the local nobility. It was King Ferdinand I of Castile, in 1045, who gave the final impetus for granting important privileges, one of which was placed under the sovereignty of their abbot villa and possessions.

The original temple was replaced in the Romanesque period, with various additions and alterations, has been preserved until today, which dates from the twelfth century. In the beginning was a Benedictine monastery, but in the eleventh century it acquired the status of collegiate governed by a community of canons of St Augustine.
Apses.

The outline of a constructive response to the church with three naves and transept of four sections, three semicircular apses, a cylindrical tower and dome of the transept. It completes the package with a cloister and abbatial units. The nave is of greater width and equal to the side of the transept, and the cruise presents a square. The arms of the transept does not protrude from the side walls, so as not to appreciate the outdoors. The headwaters of the three vessels are formed by two semicircular apses staggered. At the foot of the nave was erected a square bell tower that is similar to the exterior appearance that is located on the cruise, giving a symmetrical image of the viewer to the church from the south facade.
Detail of the cover.

On the formal and decorative, there are the existence of a main doorway in the south side open to allow access from the plaza, and another in the north wall that connects the church to the cloister. At this end of the first season became available after a triangular pediment Renaissance replacing the air wing on canecillos original Romanesque; shows a niche containing the image of Santa Juliana in attitude to subdue the demon. Nor is the original fifteen arched gallery that runs from the top of the canvas south. The abocinamiento of the cover is formed by archivolts voussoired smooth; line above a number of human figures rather deteriorated, especially in MANDORLA a center supported by four angels which are in part a pantocrator seated.

The coverage of the ships is done by cross vaults, and the arms of the transept with barrel vaults, the ceiling is vaulted apses oven. Stands on the cruise as a dome whose interior square tower, at a level below the roof, there is a dome that rests on pendentives off.
Cloister.

An item of particular interest is the cloister attached to the end of the twelfth century and the beginning of the XIII to the north wall of the church. In a first phase was built the south wing and part of the west wing, and into the thirteenth century this wing was completed and built the north wing. The east side is a later period (sixteenth century) and does not follow the guidelines of the Romanesque style.
Capitel.

The galleries are made up of primitive pointed arches supported by columns or quadruple. Altogether has 43 capitals of the oldest of the south side and west side of the first section, with stories of appreciable size merit, while the most recent topics vegetables.

The transformation of the former monastery in Collegiate – to change the Benedictine rule that governed by the Canons of the Order of St. Augustine – is produced in the mid-twelfth century, when the current temple built in the Romanesque style, which is the larger the Cantabrian. The structure of three apses and three naves is modeled on Frómista (Palencia) and Romanesque international Castilla enters the Camino de Santiago.

The sculpture of its portico, and canecillos capitals evoke the themes of medieval religiosity, in particular the struggle between Good and Evil, and the need for repentance and forgiveness to be saved from the penalties of hell. This message is displayed through symbols and allegories of animals (lions, pelicans, pigeons, crows, snakes, goats …) and vegetables (apples, ferns, acanthus, lilies, vines, grapes, pineapple …) and some scenes humanas.En the center of the transept stands the tomb of St. Juliana, whose relics are kept in the chest with the arms of the altarpiece of the Casa de la Vega.

The altarpiece is a great work of Spanish-Flemish style of the late XV, with pictorial boards on the martyrdom of the holy apostles and evangelists sculptures. The front of the altar is a magnificent piece of silverware mexicana.En choir kept a remarkable Baroque organ, and in the baptismal chapel, in addition to the stack Romance, an exceptional pantocrator conducted around the year 1200.

The cloister, adjoining the northern facade of the church, shown in its 42 capitals in a variety of thematic evolution of the complete Romanesque sculpture. Along with its walls are observed sarcophagi with heraldic motifs of relevant characters of the clergy and nobleza.COLEGIATA MUSEUM AND DIOCESAN

Joint entry for the two monuments
Hours: 10.00 to 13.00 and 16.00 to 18.30
Price: 2.5 €
Closed Mondays

Santillana del Mar – Cantabria

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Santillana del Mar is a municipality in the autonomous community of Cantabria (Spain). It lies on the western coast of Cantabria, between the towns of Suances Torrelavega Alfoz of Lloreda and Reocín.

colegiata-de-santillana-del-mar-denoche

This small town is one of the most important tourist attractions throughout the region and home to the Altamira Cave, regarded as the “Sistine Chapel” of the rock art, and the Collegiate of Santillana del Mar, which dates from the twelfth century.

Santillana del Mar has also with Zoo and Botanical Garden of important dimensions in which the predominant fauna ibérica, highlighting a whole insectarium colonized by butterflies of all sizes, shapes and colors. There are also several museums including the Museum of the Inquisition, the Diocesan Museum and the Regina Coeli Museum of Jesus Otero.

museo-diocesano-de-santillana-del-mar

Since tourism is an important focus its cobbled streets are almost completely filled with inns and shops typical Cantabrians. Among the valued anchovies Santoña, the famous cheese of Picon Tresviso cecina and deer, among others. Besides food stores, are also noteworthy establishments craft products, which dominate the sculptures of characters from mythology Cantabrian.

History

This town has its origins in the Middle Ages, around the monastery of Santa Juliana. Human bones have been recovered in the medieval necropolis of the town. The date of foundation of the monastery is not known. Legend is attributed to monks of the ninth century, which carried the relics of St. Juliana in this place, erecting a shrine and a monastery. Currently associated with the founding of the monastery repopulating the flow driven by the successor of Alfonso I. From the year 980 the monastery was established, and was establishing its territorial jurisdiction and especially the area known as Asturias de Santillana. Since 1175 is configured with an abbot and chapter organization. With the support of the nobility, the abbey managed to become the most important medieval Cantabria. Alfonso VIII in 1209 gave jurisdiction to the town, which became the capital of Asturias de Santillana. The monastery of Santa Juliana declined, but started the urban development of the town, organized around the Plaza Mayor or the market (now Plaza de Ramón Pelayo) and the Torre del Merino. In 1445, King John II gave the manor of the village to the first Marquis of Santillana and his successors, the Dukes of Infantado. It had its own judicial district until 1840, when it became part of the party and party at Torrelavega San Vicente de la Barquera.

Monuments

La Villa de Santillana del Mar is entirely historical Artístico Order by July 27, 1943 (Official Gazette of August 3). The historic center is made up of homogeneous stone buildings, most of the XIV to XVIII centuries. The village developed around a track, the street of Santo Domingo, which splits into two: the road John Infante, who comes to the Plaza de Ramón Pelayo, and which was named president of the King, now with different names for each section: Race and the Canton River.
Velarde Palace in Plaza de las Arenas, Santillana del Mar.
Details of typical architecture.
Plaza Monumental.
Cloister of the Collegiate of Santillana del Mar.

colegiata-de-santillana-del-mar

Many prominent buildings in this district, including:

* Palacio de Velarde or Arena. It is located in the Plaza de las Arenas. It is building a transition from Gothic to Renaissance, began construction in the fifteenth century and modified in the XVII. The façade has a staggered hastial and decorative pinnacles. Has the blazon of Velarde.
* Collegiate Church of Santa Juliana. At the end of the two streets of town. It is a Romanesque-style church, built mostly at the mid-twelfth century, with additions of later centuries. Protected monument by Royal Decree of March 12, 1889 (Gaceta de Madrid of April 14), being the first monument Cantabrian who won this award. It is built of stone ashlar sandstone. It has a basilica and three ships will end in semicircular apses. Is a structure that is modeled on the Roman Road of Santiago, especially Frómista. The highlight of the set is the cloister, the end of the twelfth century, particularly in his forty-two Romanesque capitals.
* Houses of Quevedo and Cossío. Adjacent to the trough that some meters before the Collegiate. Dating from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Both houses are placed in a squad that form a single dwelling. The northern part of the house is the House of Cossío and the south is the Casa de Quevedo. At first you can see the crest of Cossío. In the second, which belonged to a relative of Francisco de Quevedo Villegas and see the family coat of Quevedo. La Casa de Quevedo is the chair and has a vaulted tunnel that serves as the drainage and river waterhole.
* House of the Archduchess or Abades. It is a building that is on the left of the Collegiate. house of the late seventeenth century. He belonged to the family Barreda Bracho. The coat of the facade are modern, the work of Jesus Otero.
* House of Hombrones or town hall. It is located next to the house called Leonor de la Vega, in the streets of Guangzhou. It is a house built between the XV and XVII century. This name was given by two gentlemen with a mustache holding up the huge shield of the Baroque facade of the Villa crest.
* House of Leonor de la Vega. Is in the streets of Guangzhou. It’s the end of the fifteenth century and the beginning of the sixteenth, so can not seem to be, despite what the tradition says, a building I lived doña Leonor de la Vega, mother of the first Marquis of Santillana. The facade may be three coats of the Gothic home of the Vega.
* Palace or House of Valdivieso Valdivieso. Also written Valdivielso. Is at the end of Canton Street, on the right. It is a XVIII century building, with the crest located on the corner. It is now a hotel.
* O The Torre del Merino Torron. Located in the old market square, now Ramón Pelayo. This is a fourteenth century tower, topped by battlements. It is well known for being the place where dwelt the merino, a civil servant who represented the king.
* Torre de Don Borja or Fundación Santillana. It’s in the Plaza de Ramón Pelayo. Although it must have medieval origins, the party appears to be conserved and restored by the end of the fifteenth century or the beginning of the XVI. To the sides of the antepecho is a shield with the coat of arms Barreda. It has a courtyard that connects the two volumes. It owes its name to Don Francisco de Borja Barreda, Barreda last descendant of the nineteenth century. Among its later owners was the Infanta Doña Paz de Borbón. In 1981 he was restored to be the headquarters of the Fundación Santillana.
* Palacio Barreda-Bracho, also called Casa Palacio Barreda-Bracho or Barreda. Since 1944 is now the Parador Gil Blas. It’s in the Plaza de Ramón Pelayo. It is a Baroque building erected at the end of the seventeenth century. The lineage of Bracho was related to the Barreda, hence the name that is known.
* Town Hall. Located in Plaza Ramón Pelayo, in a baroque palace. It is notable for its cast iron balcony with a shield on top.
* Houses of the Eagle and the Eagle or Parra and de la Parra. Are next to City Hall on the square. They are two separate buildings attached. La Casa de la Parra is so called because it had a great vine on the facade, is a Gothic building of the early sixteenth century. Eagle’s home or the Estrada is the seventeenth century. Luce Estrada and the coat of arms on its façade Tagle. He is currently an exhibition hall of the Regional Government. In front of these houses there is a bison sculpture of Jesus Otero.
* Casa de Bustamante. It is located in rue de la Carrera, 7. Dating from the late seventeenth century-eighteenth century. It is a tall building which has balconies pulpit. The façade shows the arms of the Bustamante.
* Tower of Velarde. At the end of the street from the Carrera. Old house-tower of the fifteenth century, in stone masonry with two doors Gothic.
* Benemejís Palace, also known as the Palacio de Barreda Peredo-Peredo or Palace. Now hosts exhibitions of Caja Cantabria. A palace is a square and two stories, the roof, four water is topped by pinnacles at the corners. In the front is the coat of arms of the Peredo; within the portal is the Ceballos family Barreda. Its various names reflect the history of this property. Ordered its construction Miguel de Don Francisco Peredo, a knight of Calatrava since 1694. One of its owners was later don Blas Maria Barreda (siglo XIX) and the Marquise de Benamejí. Preserves paintings by artists such as Valdes Leal and Mengs, and extensive library.
* House of the Villa. House opposite the Palace of Benemejís. Eighteenth-century pulpit with balconies and coat type.
* House of Alonso. House next to the Benemejís. Two small shields.
* Diocesan Museum Regina Coeli. This museum is located in the Convent of the Dominicans, on the other side of the road-Barreda Comillas. It is a building of the XVI century, in Herrera style. The museum was created in 1964, and it preserves, studies and exhibits art. The building is the Renaissance cloister. It houses a restaurant and shop Diocesano Documentary Archive.
* Convent of the Dominican Convent and San Ildefonso. Faces the Diocesan Museum. Founded in the mid-sixteenth century.
* Casa de Tagle Sanchez or the Casona de Tagle. Is in the area called Camp Revolgo. Building in the late seventeenth century, built by a family that was enriched in Mexico. It is a mansion with a facade of mountain home with two chairs and semicircular arches.

torre-don-borja-de-santillana-del-mar

Movable Heritage
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern España1
World Heritage – Unesco

Replica of the ceiling of Altamira
(National Archaeological Museum)
Coordinates [show location on an interactive map] 43 ° 22’57 .1 “N 4 ° 06’58 .2” W / 43.382528, -4.116167
Country
Cultural type
Criteria i, iii
ID No. 310
Región2 Europe
Registration Year 1985 (Session IX)
2008 Year Extension
1 Official name as Unesco
2 Classification by Unesco

In addition to this heritage building, in Santillana del Mar is one of Cultural Interest, with the category of furniture: the Rule Book or cartulary of the collegiate church of Santa Juliana, in Santillana del Mar (Decree 122/2003, of July 18 ). Kept in units of the Collegiate Church of Santa Juliana. It is considered the thirteenth century, with later additions. It measures 150 x 240 mm and is bound with two wooden slats covered with skin. Copies, complete or fragments, 94 deeds of the years 870 to 1202, divided into 64 sheets of parchment.

Natural heritage

With regard to natural heritage, notably the Zoo de Santillana del Mar, the oldest in the region and some trees in the locality. In The Garden Farm is a 35 meters of eucalyptus and ginkgo height of 22 meters in height. At the Park Plaza Robleda The oak is a 16 meters tall.

Heritage

Seven are the cultural assets of the municipality:

* Collegiate Church of Santa Juliana and Senate, with the rank of monument.
* Torre de Don Beltran de la Cueva on Viveda monument.
* Palace Viveda (casona mountain XVIII), monument.
* Palace Mijares monument.
* Cave of Altamira, archaeological site that also is part of world heritage.
* All village of Santillana, historical.
* Book Rule cartulary of the collegiate church of Santa Juliana, who is kept in the Collegiate Church of Santa Juliana, movables.

Moreover, as local interest are listed medieval Tower of Calderon de la Barca in Viveda.

Festivals

Fiestas de Santa Juliana. These festivities take place around June 28 in honor of the town’s patron, St. Juliana. There are many events for all ages and activities for children, sport activities or traditional food. The most important day is June 28 as it is the day of the patron. This day is a procession, Mass and dance in honor of the patron

On the western coast of Cantabria are two of the most precious of all treasures found in this region: Santillana del Mar and Altamira Caves.

Santillana del Mar, about 30 kilometers from Santander, is a living museum of a medieval village developed around the church of Santa Juliana, though most of its houses are of various architectural contributions to the XIV century. The historical-artistic Santillana can not visit more than standing. The villa opens way north through a single route, the street of Santo Domingo, which soon splits in the form of “Y” in the Juan Infante, leading to the Plaza de Ramón Pelayo, and that taking various names (Carrera, and the Canton River) goes to the Collegiate. In the square, triangular trace is located some of the most representative buildings: the house of the Barreda-Bracho eighteenth century with shield and pretentious legend (now the Parador Gil Blas), the Eagle and The Houses of Parra, the City Council ; la Torre de Don Borja, built in the late fourteenth century and is one of the noblest buildings of Santillana, belongs to the lineage of the Barreda, which gives shelter to the Fundación Santillana;

and finally, the Torre del Merino of the fourteenth century, which is the oldest building, fortified residence of merinos or managers of sovereign interests. Canton Street, meanwhile, presents a wonderful set of houses of the XV to XVII which includes the Gothic house (s. XV) Leonor de la Vega, mother of the first Marquis of Santillana, and the the Villa (known as that of hombrones “to sustain the huge arms of two gentlemen with the front end of the street bigote.Al of Canton is located Collegiata, the most important religious monument of Romanesque architecture in Cantabria. Built on a old chapel in the seventeenth century, the plant has three apses, and three cruise ships. In the main facade there is a triangular pediment with an image of the martyr, and above, a gallery of fifteen arches framed by three towers, one cylindrical. The cloister adjoining the north nave, is considered the masterpiece of all, for his excellent size and decoration of its capitals.

But the taste of this millennium and stone museum, which is the town of three lies (nor is it holy because Santillana, neither flat nor is the sea) is the movement of people flooding the streets are always flowery balconies is the charm of places that offer the glass of milk with cake …

Two kilometers of Santillana is another major artistic treasure of Cantabria: the caves of Altamira, universally recognized. Discovered in 1879 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola and his daughter Mary, have been declared by UNESCO world heritage site. The cave, about 300 meters long, contains about 150 engravings, the artistic expression of Paleolithic man. The paintings are polychrome based natural pigments that have been preserved since the Quaternary age, are the figures of bison and deer.